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What Are The Causes Of Autism?

Autism is a life-long developmental disability which has a major impact on the development of individuals on the spectrum. The causes of Autism are still a working progress for many scholars and researchers. However, there are many different examples out there to describe the neurological complexities that may be evident in different individuals with the disorder.

What Deficits Classify Autism?

As Autism is a spectrum disorder, individuals with the diagnosis are even more individualised in the field, meaning not any two are the same, people will be affected by it in different ways ranging from very mild to severe impairment.  As a result, people experience deficits in the following areas, social communication, reciprocal social interaction and behaviour. A primary struggle in autism is Communication and language, thus resulting in half the autism population developing challenging behaviours. Social difficulties of autism include impaired social play, general preference for isolation in the presence of others and the inability to understand social rules. Individuals affected by autism will also present with a restricted range of behaviours, activities and interests.

The common deficits that Autistic children share is called the ‘Triad of impairment’

These difficulties are evident in most if not all of the children on the spectrum.

The signs of Autism are usually present before 36 months, which is approximately 3 yrs of age and is known to affect four times the amount of boys than girls.

  • Social Skills – interacting with other people and making friends
  • Communication - usually has difficulties with speech and other forms of communication such as facial expressions and gestures. Children with Autism find it difficult explaining how they feel and think.
  • Imagination - restricted interests and repetitive behaviours